Methodology

The AF-academie offers teaching methods that are based on real life situations and applies the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR), the international standards in the field of learning languages.

The communicative approach:

This method is based on the idea that learning language comes through having to communicate real meaning. When learners are involved in real communication, their natural strategies for language acquisition will be used, and this will allow them to learn to use the language.

Example: Practising question forms by asking learners to find out personal information about their colleagues is an example of the communicative approach, as it involves meaningful communication.

In the classroom: Classroom activities guided by the communicative approach are characterized by trying to produce meaningful and real communication, at all levels. As a result there may be more emphasis on skills than systems, lessons are more learner-centered, and there may be use of authentic materials.

The action-based teaching approach:

Learning languages through action is to put emphasis on the different tasks that one has to carry out to achieve a project in its totality. The action stimulates interaction that allows the development of receptive and interactive skills.

The learner becomes a social actor that has to fulfill certain tasks (that are not only linguistic) in circumstances and environments given, within a specific field of action.

The setting up of a learning-action scenario engages the learners in confronting the language from an analytical approach and in becoming aware of the needs that they have, to be able to succeed. By helping them understanding why they need the language, we give some meaning to the learning process. The idea is to:

  • reactivate what has been already learned,
  • define what needs to be learned,
  • build up some new understanding within the action by becoming aware of what is missing.
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